A road traffic accident is the leading cause of death by injury and the tenth leading cause of all deaths globally. It is indeed a matter of great concern. Efforts made are not much effective to decrease the rates of roads accidents. An estimated 1.2 million people are killed in road crashes every year and as many as 50 million are injured occupying 30 per cent to 70 per cent of orthopaedic beds in developing country’s hospitals. And if the present trends continue, road traffic injuries are predicted to be the third leading contributor to the global burden of disease and injury by the upcoming 20s. Developing countries bear a large share of the burden accounting for 85 per cent of annual deaths and 90 per cent of the disability-adjusted life years lost because of road traffic injury.
The fact that reveals that there is neither any improvement in the condition of the situation of the rash decrease in the number of road accidents. This global issue has been a day-to-day update in the context of Nepal as the news of various accidents are frequently found in the headlines of newspapers, media news shows. Despite several road safety campaigns and strict enforcement of traffic rules, the number of road accidents continues to claim hundreds of lives. Just nine months into the current fiscal, as many as 1,773 persons were killed and 10,015 injured, 3,149 critically. A total of about 7,618 road accidents across the country. Nearly 1,600 fatalities were recorded during the same period last fiscal.
The manpower of the country is diminishing owing to the effect of rash driving. Undoubtedly there are several causes for such accidents as they may differ in different situations. Some accidents are blamed on the driver’s fault while some are blamed on passenger’s fault, drink-driving, mechanical breakdown, haphazard, etc. In general pedestrians, cyclists and moped and motorcycle riders are the most vulnerable road users as well as the heaviest users of roads in poor countries. This situation also arises when any two vehicles moving on the road trying to overtake each other ignorant of the situation and the traffic rules. They try to overtake each other and that is also at break-neck speed, little grasping that the road is a road, not a racing track. Owing to certain negligence and carelessness several deaths are claimed day by day. For instance, driving at a high pace, especially by the youths has resulted in several causalities. But the fact lies within the young generation to carry road safety and to actually apply it in their day-to-day lives.
There are three P’s to remember—preserve life, prevent deterioration, and promote recovery
The first aid management of road traffic accidents is indeed before being known by every individual. In case of a bleeding injury, lift the injured part above the person’s body level and apply pressure on the region. Keep applying pressure till you reach the hospital. This helps control and eventually stops the bleeding. Make sure the person has a pulse and is breathing on the way to the hospital. When it comes to first aid, there are three P’s to remember—preserve life, prevent deterioration, and promote recovery.
I believe it is a matter of self-realization to understand the need to avoid such accidents which are usually the result of certain carelessness. If this would not be the matter then despite a lot of efforts why are we literally not able to prevent road accidents, why do we witness such much negligence in following the traffic rules, why do we see several causalities in the hospitals owing to road accidents, why do we see day to day update only about road accidents. Nepal is prone to several accidents due to its poor topographic situation and the highways. I can undoubtedly say that each of us has witnessed road accidents that cause severe damage and even today the picture of the horror is vivid in our mind that it relives the fear in us. Besides this, many such situations could be just avoided, but certain such individuals ignore them. Consequently, this would result in a massive outcome negatively as it affects a lot of active minds and healthy souls. Accidents are like death. Waiting for us everywhere, Inevitable and unavoidable. In a true sense, accidents are not accidents but precise arrivals of carelessness at the wrong time. Indeed it is true that “Carelessness doesn’t bounce; it shatters.” So it’s time we realize our duty toward this global issue. Concern if not shown at this stage may result in a vicious trap in the days to come.
Summing up, let’s bear in our mind that we should not learn safety rules simply by accidents. This thought should be well implanted within us like this in a global approach and a matter of individual concern. Our life is really precious, it’s like the upcoming situation can never be predicted. So, it’s always better to be prepared before the problems. The fear of death is the most justified of all fears, for there’s no risk of accidents for someone dead. This thought is realized when we actually face such a situation. So it’s always good to have a motto” Prevention is better than cure”. Let’s all be concerned about this major problem and act individually at their own levels as individual steps result in huge achievements collectively. It is better to lose one minute in life than to lose life in a minute.
Pursuing Bachelor of Dental Surgery(BDS)
BP Koirala Institue of Health Sciences
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