Organic production takes place under various conditions and requirements (both private norms and regulations). Certification of international organic food chains has become a difficult and expensive service for farmers and customers due to the lack of recognition from both governmental and non-governmental organizations.
The challenging nature of regulatory requirements makes certification, especially in emerging markets and for export certification, more difficult as well as costly. Local certification bodies find it difficult to compete for export certification with international certification bodies.
Some of the major problems of organic certification in Nepal are:
1-Lack of organic inputs such as seeds, bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides.
The organic inputs including, seeds, fertilizers and pesticides are not produced in Nepal itself and have to be imported. Also, the cost of these inputs is high. Besides the high rate and low availability of quality organic inputs; every farmer wants to have good profits through their products which is the major reason for not adopting organic farming.
2- Lack of government initiatives, plan, policies and assistance
The plan and policies regarding organic agriculture have been planned but not legislated. Different organic fairs have been organized and leaders have attended those fairs but still certification policies; standard rates; etc. have not been determined. Locally produced organic products are termed and certified organic by themselves. Also, bank loan and allowance policies are not transparent to the farmers.
3- Lack of information
Ground-level farmers and consumers are unknown of different aspects such as advantages of organic farming and organic products, crops and area on organic cultivation, technology, marketing, suppliers of input, etc. Farmers are practising traditional agriculture and the concept of organic agriculture is completely new for them and consumers are also not much aware of it.
4- Labour-intensive farming
Organic agriculture is both labour-intensive and high-cost practice. So, in the urban areas where there is the scarcity of labour, the cost of cultivation may be high. Applying organic fertilizers, bio-pesticides, weeding and other intercultural operations in organic agriculture is much intensive than conventional farming.
5-The misconception of food security
There is a misconception among Nepalese communities that the agricultural production by organic practices is much lower than conventional practices. On the proper application of bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides; we can increase the production of organic products as much as conventional farming with the advantage of more sustainability.
The solution to these problems are given below:
Though the organic certification has not been so systematic in our country yet like a third world slowly and gradually we will be making a system effective.
In every new sector, there is always issue and problems which we can discuss and learn from this kind of article and “lekhapadhee.com” has given a platform to discuss the in reaching field agriculture. let’s discuss…
B.Sc. Ag, 6th semester
Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science
(IAAS Lamjung Campus)