Places to visit – Pathivera Basudhara of Bajhang

लेखक : लेखापढी      १ भाद्र २०७७, सोमबार ११:५६ मा प्रकाशित     
Places to visit – Pathivera Basudhara of Bajhang

Traveling is very important for a person, travel is also an experience, traveling to a new place creates a kind of experience, energy, passion and awakening in a person. Life is a journey. When we go on a trip we come with a lot of sweet experiences of the place, but travel is important when we experience a fun trip.

#Introduction: – In the hilly part of Bajhang district of Seti zone in the far western region, in the hilly part of Chabis Pathibhera village. Exists Vs. C. After the implementation of federal affairs and local level in 2073 BS, 4 VDCs of Savik in Bajhang district. C. Matela, Byasi, Kadel, Lekgaon, together form 26 Pathibhera village municipalities. Yes. The total area is 116.15 sq. Km. Min. Has been Currently singing this. Pa. It is divided into 7 wards. It is located at an altitude of 3600 feet to 9981 feet above sea level.

People prefer to go for leisure travel in rural areas rather than urban areas. Due to unfavorable environment like dust, smoke and garbage, tourists have started preferring rural environment. Culture, religion and nature are equally important for the development of rural tourism.

The Basudhara Temple, located in Chabis Pathibhera village of Bajhang district, is one of the important religious sites in the far west. This temple is located at an altitude of about 4200 meters above sea level. With 4 months of snow, 4 months of water, 4 months of almost clean weather of the year, this temple area can be easily visited for 12 months. In order to see the beautiful natural scenery of the place, other herbs, plants, naurangidaphe, munal, wild chicken, partridge, kaliz, deer, weasel, squirrel, tiger, bear, etc. are also attractive focal points. So far, the area has been in a state of disarray due to lack of national and international publicity.

It is not a new thing for Bajhang district to reveal its identity to the world from religious, historical and geographical point of view. Surma Sarobar, Seti Nadi, Mashta Devta, Surma Debi, Vaddi Javan, Thali Durga, Chaitali Mela, Khaptad Swami’s Tapasasthala, Jaya Prithvi Bahadur Singh who is a world famous humanist philosopher, Motsaghu who is still interesting There is a fact that heritages like Geet, Fag, etc. have played a role in making Bajhang a leap of identity.

#Religious significance: –
The Basudhara temple is the focal point of religious faith for Hindus. Mahasnan Bhavya Mela is held on January 22 at Basudhara at the foot of Pathibhera Himal.
The fair is held at the Pathibhere Basudhara holy Shivalaya shrine. According to local mythology, the fair is held according to the mythological belief that after Ganga Sita flows northwards in this holy land, which is a place of penance for various gods and goddesses, one can find great pilgrimage sites in the entire universe.
There is a legend that the famous deity of heaven named ‘Basu’ brought Anta Lakshmi along with him to this Basudhara region and this region has been flooded for a long time.

King Dilip of Tretayugi Ayodhya bathed in the bathing kasand, pitru kund, royal bath kund, moksha kund and other kunds under the Basudhara temple and performed special rituals at the site.
In the same way, a cow named Nandini was brought from Golok and supernatural streams of water were found from Jotilinga and 22 hard rocks at the place where the cow was giving milk.

On the date of Mahashivaratri, devotees from different parts of the district visit Basudhara in this Khajur region. Devotees fast from the evening of Shivaratri till morning and chant hymns. And, bathe in twenty-two streams. The description of the Kharjur region in the Mansakhand festival of chapter 152 of the Skanda Purana, one of the eighteen Puranas written by Maharshi Vedavyasaddhara, makes it clear that the religious and historical significance of Basudhara is significant.
The identity, development and dimensions of Basudhara and other religious and historical sites in the region are negligible. Currently, some programs have been implemented by the local and state governments for the development of the region.

Mahashivaratri or Shivaratri is the major festival of the Hindus. This is the main festival of Lord Shiva. Named after the night of Shivaji’s birth, this festival is described in the Puranas as one of the four major nights, Kalratri, Moharatri, Sukharatri and Shivaratri. Celebrated on the day of Phagun Krishna Chaturdashi, this festival is also considered as the most beloved day of Lord Shiva, Ashutosh, who brought religion to the hearts of all the miserable and miserable beings. On the day of Mahashivaratri, which is said to be the best of the fasting festivals, devotees purify themselves, worship Shiva in the temple, fast and offer milk, dhaturo and belpatra, the favorite items of Lord Shiva.

There is a religious belief that if one fasts on the day of this festival and chants the mantra “Um Namah Shivaya”, one does not have to go to Yamalok for the benefit of all. Shivaratri festival is celebrated on Krishna Chaturdashi, the day when Brahma gave birth to Shivaji in the form of Rudra. Nirjal Vrat, Ratri Jagran, Pooja of Char Prahar, Dugdhabhishek in Shivalinga and Shiva Mahima Kirtan are considered as the main parts of worship of Shivaratri. Shivaratri festival is called the king of festivals and observance of Shivaratri is said to bring both enjoyment and salvation. On Shivaratri, there is a tradition of paying homage with pomp and circumstance in big and small temples.

# According to a local legend: According to a local legend, a long time ago, buffalo herdsmen used to go to cut grass in the lap of Pathivera Himal, which is the source of Taru Gad. One day, a herdsman unexpectedly saw a cow drinking water at the site of the present Basudhara temple and saw a poplar tree on the hill above the temple. That night, in a dream, Lord Shiva told him not to tell anyone. But the shepherd told all these things to his relatives and villagers. There is a legend that he died after telling these things to others. It is believed that if the devotees secretly ask for the bridegroom in this temple, the wish will be fulfilled.

In the north-western part of the district, Chhabispathibhera Gaupalika-7, Khori, Ghatte, Naura, Majkhori and Budkhori villages in the northern part of the district, the people have faith and trust in the Basudhara religious site. At an altitude of about 4200 meters, 9 cut mountains. Twenty-two streams of water have come out naturally by breaking the rock from the base of the present Pathivera mountain. The 22 streams of water that can be observed directly flow continuously for 12 months. There is a Shiva temple next to the water stream. There are many legends associated with the basudhara, which is covered with snow for six months from November to April and is adorned with hundreds of bouquets of flowers in the rainy season.
The Skanda Purana states, “The same fruit that is obtained by traveling to Kedar 21 times is obtained by going to Basudhara Tirtha above Chabis Pathibhera 7 Budkhori and bathing only once.”

# Tourist Significance: – Various species of Lekali fruits, scarecrow, musk deer, deer, weasel, medicinal herbs, birds, Lagigunras, Chimali etc. can be observed on the Basudhara footpath. There is a waterfall of Basuka on the footpath of Basudhara shrine. A park and stairs have been constructed at Basuka waterfall to make the journey of tourists and pilgrims unforgettable. Yarsagumba, a valuable plant known as yellow gold, is found in Pathivera Himal from April to July. Hundreds of bouquets of flowers, sheepfolds, scenic landscapes are the main attractions of the region. People from different parts of the district come to the area for religious travel, tourism and picnics.

# How to reach Pathivera Basudhara: –
A road has recently been constructed from Chainpur, the Bajhang district headquarters, to Bhandebazar, Chaughanpata, Chhabispathibhera, Khori, Naura, Ghatte, Majkhori and Budkhori villages. Basudhara can be visited after a 3-hour walk from Budkhori village. There are also home stays, tea houses and small local hotels in Ghatte, Majkhori and Budkhori villages. Local dishes like barley bread, millet bread, bako, fapar, pindalu, sisnuko dal, fado, lituda, corn rice, cold water can be a new experience for tourists.

# Basudhara area: –
The limited religious, historical, geographical, ancient culture, rites and civilization that preceded the curtain are not the only mothers of Bajhang. Behind the scenes, many heritages, civilizations and cultures are in the throes of identity. Basudhara is one of the religious, historical and tourist centers. The area is full of various species of herbs such as: – Five Fingers, Yarchagumba, Gucchau, Chiraito, Satuwa, Jata Masi, Various fragrant incense species, Twenty species of herbs, Mrigharu Jharal, Ghoral etc. Herds of sheep, mules, buffaloes, and other animals look very attractive. If the weather here is clear and viewed from Pathivera Basudhara, it looks like a piece of paradise.

# What kind of plants are found: –
Here, the lath pine, which is projected for cancer, is considered to be very strong to make a window door for the house. In addition, Jhule Salla, Banch, Laliguraunska Bot, Gurauns, Dhupi Salla, Utis, Dallo, Hande, Okhar, Machhaina, Ghagaru, Bakaino, Chilaune, Aiselu, Chiraito, Panch Aule, Hattajadi, Bhutkesh, Katus, Kharsu, Beulo Nigalama There are hundreds of other types of plants, such as caraway, guala, chutrau, kirmuna, and banko.

# The main reason for coming here: –
People come here to enjoy the beautiful scenery from the natural point of view and to visit this temple, which is surrounded by thousands of colorful flowers. People also come here with the religious belief that they can reach their destination. There is also a religious belief that bathing in the twenty-second stream washes away sins. It is also believed that the river Saraswati flowed secretly. Similarly, it is said that Yudhisthira was passing through Basudhara when he went to heaven. Basundhara is mentioned in the Skanda Purana. There it is called ‘Khecharadri’. It is believed that the mule has been degraded and has become Basudhara.

# What to take?
As Basudhara is a cold place, you have to carry warm clothes. Jackets, raincoats, headaches due to leaks, moisturizing creams and other types of junk food can be carried.

# Finally: –
In order to preserve the religious faith and tourist attraction and attract more tourists, it is necessary for the locals as well as all the concerned bodies of the state to play an important role in its protection.
Despite being rich in natural, religious, cultural and biological diversity, the Basudhara temple does not seem to have gained much importance due to lack of physical infrastructure and publicity. 

Min Bahadur Mandel